Posts Tagged ‘#Multidomainbattle’
What is it?
U.S. Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) is supporting the development of the United States Army and Marine Corps Concept Multi-Domain Battle (MDB): Combined Arms for the 21st Century. This concept describes military operations against a peer adversary that can contest U.S. forces in all domains — in competition and in armed conflict — and challenge the deterrence efforts in 2025-2040.
Army Special Operations Forces (ARSOF) is nested with the Army’s MDB concept and deliver tactical, operational, and strategic value through an indigenous approach, precision targeting operations, developing understanding and wielding influence, and crisis response.
What has the Army done?
USASOC partnered with the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command‘s Army Capabilities Integration Center (ARCIC) to link Silent Quest 17, USASOC’s title 10 Wargame, to the Army’s deep future wargame, Unified Quest 17. The result was an integrated and synchronized approach to the future-focused peer adversary problem set. It incorporated a detailed examination of the competition short of an armed conflict period leading to armed conflict under the MBD concept.
What continued efforts are planned for the future?
USASOC will deliver physical and cognitive effects to shape the operational environment and extend the reach of the Joint Force. This includes improving SOF and conventional force integration, interoperability and interdependence to enhance unity of effort across multiple domains. To prepare ARSOF capabilities needed by the Army, USASOC Strategy — 2035 identifies how ARSOF must adapt to address future threats. This means promulgating an indigenous approach that views challenge to stability as problems to be solved by empowered people in the region.
USASOC is also broadening the concept of maneuver to encompass both physical and cognitive objectives in order to gain a position of relative advantage with respect to the enemy and population.
Why is this important to the Army?
U.S. military advantages across all domains. Future wars may be fought using new technologies; however, they will be fought by people for social, economic, cultural, and political reasons. The interaction of armed forces with societies in conflict will affect the outcome of wars. Partners will require support from the U.S. military to withstand attacks on their populations, forces, and commercial interests and to support U.S. operational and strategic goals.
ARSOF provides Joint Force commanders the ability to transform indigenous mass into combat power in order to develop effective partner forces that can win against determined enemies.
Pictured above: Soldiers hold a rope steady while others conduct fast-rope insertion training during Operation Emerald Warrior at the Combat Readiness Training Center in Gulfport, Miss., April 30, 2014. (DoD photo)
FORT BLISS, Texas (August 16, 2017) — The U.S. Army’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), referred to as the “Strike” Brigade, successfully used its on-the-move tactical network transport equipment to exchange critical battlefield information during its advise-and-assist mission with Iraqi security forces in the fight to defeat ISIS.
Lessons learned from the deployment emphasized the need for more expeditionary network communications equipment such as inflatable satellite antennas that can be deployed at the tactical edge of operations and as a sling loadable version of the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical (WIN-T) Tactical Communications Node (TCN), which the Army recently put through its operational test.
The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) provides expeditionary air assault capability to conduct forcible entry and other worldwide unified land operations in support of combatant commanders. During its most recent deployment, Task Force Strike Soldiers helped reorganize, instruct, and facilitate communication between Iraqi Security Forces to lead offensive operations. Since this was a joint and collation fight and the unit was continually on-the-move, it needed robust network capability that could meet its high maneuverability requirements. The unit’s combat vehicles integrated with Warfighter Information Network-Tactical Increment 2 (WIN-T Inc 2) network transport equipment provided robust network communications, mission command and situational awareness both on-the-move crossing austere battlefield locations and at-the-halt in stationary command posts.
“When Col. Bret Sylvia was the brigade commander in Iraq pushing up towards Mosul, we had smaller elements of Strike Soldiers advising Iraqis far forward in some really remote locations,” said Col. Joseph E. Escandon, who assumed command of 2/101 Airborne Division (Air Assault) from Sylvia in June, after Task Force Strike returned to Fort Campbell, Kentucky. The 82nd Airborne Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team replaced the 2/101 Airborne Division in Iraq.
“When you think about the capability they were able to have on M-ATVs [MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle] with WIN-T Inc 2 Points of Presence (PoPs) and Soldier Network Extensions (SNEs), it was huge,” Escandon said. “They were not just making an FM radio call or [radio] TACSAT [Tactical Satellite] call back from their headquarters…now they can send a more holistic common operating picture.”
The WIN-T Inc 2 PoP enables mission command on-the-move, and the SNE provides on-the-move network communication and network extension capabilities. These and other WIN-T Inc 2 configurations helped the Strike Brigade relay critical situational awareness between forward ground forces, higher headquarters and coalition forces.
“A number of the units would go out for hours, maybe days, in small teams and establish a company [sized] command post, and the SNE would serve as their redundant means of additional capability,” said Maj. Edward Timmons, 2/101 Airborne Division (Air Assault) S6 (signal officer), who was deployed with the unit in Iraq. “Some of those company level advise and assist missions didn’t deliberately set up a company CP; they would just set up their own perimeter and a small camp [but still have network connectivity].”
Using both line-of-sight and beyond-line-of-sight for optimal connectivity, WIN-T Inc 2 network transport equipment delivers a mobile, resilient, redundant tactical communications network. It enabled Task Force Strike Soldiers operating in remote and challenging terrain to maintain voice, video and data communications while on patrol, with connectivity similar to that found in a stationary command post.
“Most of the places we went were forward, and if they were occupied by us before, they no longer held that infrastructure,” Timmons said. “WIN-T Increment 2 served as our main [network] backbone for 80 percent of our organizations; only a few sites were on fiber that still resided in Iraq. The WIN-T network was very solid.”
During the deployment, WIN-T Inc 2 enabled the unit to connect to the U.S. tactical secure/non-secure networks and the coalition network. It was also the transport mechanism that enabled the unit to share its common operating picture and primary, alternate, contingency and emergency (PACE) plan with the rest of the force, Timmons said.
“We tested the equipment before deploying and really maxed out the capabilities as much as we could,” Timmons said. “We tried our best to break them, and they held tough and they held tight.”
With the SNE, the unit can also extend its operational reach well beyond traditional FM line-of-sight radio ranges by using satellite-based capability to retransmit radio signals. Timmons said his unit integrated SNEs into the network to support fires battalions that were far forward.
The SNE improves the speed and reliability of the fires network, extending network range and increasing survivability for artillery units. It reduces end-to-end fires mission timelines, resulting in fewer dropped fires mission and providing a more reliable network.
“We are part of the world’s only air assault division using helicopters to get deep within enemy territory and seize any terrain,” said Maj. Timothy Chess, 2/101 Airborne Division (Air Assault) operations officer. “During the advise-and-assist operation to our Iraqi counterparts, all of the sites were expeditionary and used either WIN-T systems or other expeditionary satellite capability [such as inflatable satellite antennas and other small deployable satellite terminals that complemented the WIN-T equipment]. It worked very well there.”
When 2/101 Airborne Division (Air Assault) returned to the United States in January, it immediately started its new mission as the operational unit for Network Integration Evaluation (NIE) 17.2. Following extensive preparations, the Army conducted the evaluation in the rigorous combat training environment of Fort Bliss, Texas, in July.
As part of NIE 17.2, the Army successfully executed the operational test for the Lite (L) versions of the WIN-T Inc 2 TCN, which supports command post and on-the-move operations, and Network Operations and Security Center (NOSC), which supports network operations. Previously, the TCN and NOSC configurations were integrated on five-ton trucks, such as those employed by Task Force Strike in Iraq. To better support expeditionary, quick reaction and air assault mission requirements, the Army integrated these configurations onto HMMWVs, known as Humvees, which can be sling loaded by a helicopter across the battlefield or rolled onto an Air Force C-130 aircraft, providing significantly increased agility and operational flexibility.
“The TCN-Lite equipment would have helped us tremendously getting into some of those austere locations,” Timmons said. “[Once fielded] the TCN-Lite will allow the 101st to do the mission that it was meant to do — air assault, moving quickly, establishing communications — you can’t beat its [operational] flexibility.”
In addition to the reduction in size, weight and power requirements, the Army significantly reduced the complexity of these systems to make it easier for Soldiers to operate and maintain them.
Lt. Col. Keith Carter, 1-26 Battalion Commander for the 2/101 Airborne Division (Air Assault), said that being able to sling-load the TCN-L, versus the heavier legacy TCN the unit had in Iraq, enables him to get his mission command systems into the fight earlier.
“I can bring it forward with an initial [air] assault rather than a couple of days later with my truck-based assault,” he said. “That gives us an increased ability to see the battlefield both adjacently, higher and lower to share a common operating picture and to create a shared visualization amongst the echelons of the command. We have a greater ability to keep up the momentum during operations.”
NEW ORLEANS – Marine Forces Reserve is composed of Marines who not only serve in the military, but also actively contribute in the civilian sector.
Maj. Mathison Hall, a detachment commander with 2nd Civil Affairs Group and a senior analyst at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, is one of those dynamic warfighters succeeding in both his military and civilian careers. In July 2017, Hall combined his civilian and military experiences to win the first Mad Scientist Science Fiction writing competition hosted by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command.
In November 2016, Hall received an information flyer from a co-worker about the competition. The topic was “Warfare in 2030 to 2050” and the competition was open for anyone to compete. After reading more about the contest and the submission guidelines he decided to sign up.
“I’ve done other writing projects but I’ve never done a contest,” said Hall. “What I found interesting about this one is that in my civilian job here at Johns Hopkins, we essentially research and create technology for the government. Not just the military, but we do a lot of military technological development.”
Hall pulled his experiences from both his time in the Marine Corps and working at Johns Hopkins into the concepts for his winning entry.
“I had a base of experience as an infantry officer in the Marine Corps, participating in many patrols and serving in Iraq,” said Hall. “I was thinking through my experiences and applying, at a basic level, my understanding of a lot of the advanced technologies that we research here at Johns Hopkins.”
Hall’s story provides a take on how technology could affect the way troops gather information and communicate in future conflicts and even how technology could affect human performance factors.
“One of the concepts I’ve been struggling with on the military side of my life is all these emerging technologies from drones, artificial intelligence and full internet connectivity,” said Hall. “Are we integrating them into our small combat units effectively and technologically preparing our units for the future? I decided to kind of combine those ideas, my interaction with advanced technology here at Johns Hopkins with my thoughts and concerns on the military side, and envision what the future of infantry combat may look like in the next couple of decades.”
Hall never produced any major publications before the competition but has written short pieces and features for magazines and newspapers.
“I would like to become a professional writer,” said Hall. “This is one of my early publications with hopefully more to follow. I’ve, also, never written or published fiction before this.”
U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command accepted submissions between Nov. 22, 2016, and Feb. 15, 2017.
“We had 150 submissions from authors in 10 different countries, Singapore, Germany, Finland, UK, Russia, Ukraine, USA, Canada, New Zealand and Australia,” said Allison Winer, deputy director of Mad Scientist Initiative TRADOC. “This diversity in authors presented us with a wide variety of thoughts and ideas on the future operational environment and warfare.”
Hall received an invitation to the concluding 2017 Mad Scientist Conference co-hosted by the Georgetown University, School of Foreign Service’s Center for Security Studies in Washington, D.C. The conference was held July 25 and 26, 2017.
“I gave my presentation, received a 3D printed small statue of a power suit that a future soldier would wear and they also made a video,” said Hall. “The whole point is to bring people together from scientists to military leaders, engineers to fiction writers to envision the future of warfare to help guide the Army where it needs to go.”
Hall’s story is available at www.armyupress.army.mil/Online-Publications/Future-Warfare-Writing-Program/Patrolling-in-the-Infosphere.
An animated video based on the story is available at https://youtu.be/vX9dGQSfbW4.
Pictured above: Maj. Mathison Hall, a detachment commander with 2nd Civil Affairs Group and a senior analyst at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, presents his feature at the annual U.S. Army Mad Scientist conference at Georgetown University July 25-26, 2017. Hall spoke to a wide range of military, government, business and technology professionals about the future battlefield technology and seek an advantage over the enemy.
America’s next war could be both global and galactic, according to one Army leader’s presentation at the annual Space and Missile Defense Symposium at the Von Braun Center Aug. 8.
U.S. Army Maj. Gen. Robert “Bo” Dyess, acting director of the Army Capabilities Integration Center, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, spoke about the character and framework of America’s next war with a peer or near-peer competitor.
Peer competitors are defined in military terms as nations with the capability and intention to make war with the United States where the outcome of such conflict remains in doubt.
“The future of armed conflict with a near-peer adversary is going to be a world war,” Dyess said. “But it’s not going to be a world war in the way that your father or grandfather fought one. A future war with a near adversary is going to be a star war but not in the way George Lucas envisioned it.”
Commanders will contend with threats ranging from traditional armies to criminal enterprises, hackers and terrorism on the battlefield of the future. Those new and changing characteristics of war will require the type of forward thinking and conceptualizing done at the ARCIC Dyess leads.
“When we think about the future of armed conflict, we need to do like Wayne Gretsky the hockey great said – we need to skate where the hockey puck is going to be, not where the puck has been,” Dyess said. “Multi-Domain Battle is skating to where the puck is going to be.”
Dyess said ARCIC takes a think, learn, analyze and implement approach to conceptualizing how the Army must allocate resources and prepare for future wars.
That has led ARCIC to the Multi-Domain Battle concept that cocoons the conventional elements of AirLand Battle. Multi-Domain Battle extends the principals of combined arms, incorporating all the services and international partners, to provide capabilities to act across all domains, the electromagnetic spectrum, the information environment and human perceptions.
While the mission of the Army is to fight and win America’s wars, Dyess shared the personal goal of any warrior who has seen battle.
“Believe me when I tell you if there is anything someone in uniform believes in it is that deterrence is actually the best option,” Dyess said. “Anyone that has been in combat knows to deter a fight is really the objective.”
ARCIC continues the thought work and conceptualizing to provide the Army with the framework of a future doctrine for winning and deterring America’s future wars. Multi-Domain Battle is designed to give commanders multiple options while presenting multiple dilemmas to the enemy, Dyess said.
“The joint force and its partners defeat the peer adversary’s aggression by breaking the peer adversary’s systems and ultimately its campaign,” Dyess said. “In periods of armed conflict, Multi-Domain battle will defeat the enemy and their conventional forces in a rapid campaign of war from all areas and all domains of the expanded battlefield simultaneously.”
Dyess concluded by reminding those in attendance there is still much to be done in preparing for future war with peer competitors, and that it can’t be done alone.
“Our work is not done, and we need your help,” Dyess said.
Pictured above: Maj. Gen. Robert Dyess, acting director, Army Capabilities Integration Center, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, takes questions from journalists following his presentation at the Space and Missile Defense Symposium in Huntsville, Ala. Aug. 8. (U.S. Army photo by Mark Thompson)